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Welcome to , a complete guide on Rome.

Rome, situated on the river Tiber, between the Apennine mountains and the Tyrrhenian Sea, the "Eternal City" of Rome was once the administrative center of the mighty Roman Empire, governing a vast region that stretched from Britain to Mesopotamia. Currently Rome is the center of the Italian government and home to most of the ministries.

The legendary beginnings of Rome are related in the legend of Romulus and Remus. The princess Rhea Silvia, ravished by Mars (the God of War), gave birth to two twins who left. The river Tiber carried them to the Palatine Hill, where the Capitoline she-wolf adopted them until a shepherd discovered them. Romulus later killed Remus, before founding Rome. The anniversary of the founding of Rome (April 21, 753 a.d.C.) now pointing to it as a public holiday in the calendar of festivals. The historic version is just as extraordinary. This account that the city of Rome grew from a humble settlement of shepherds (the vestiges earliest dating back to the IX century.d.C.), to be a powerful empire ruled by a succession of emperors. Rome saw a second period of splendour during the Renaissance of the FIFTEENTH century, when the papacy took up residence in the city. Although Rome's power has since waned, the city remains the essence of european civilization.

The ruins that remind us of the glorious days of Rome are located in an area known as Roma Antica and include the monumental Colosseum and the Roman Forum - remains of pagan temples, broken marble and triumphal arches. The buildings of the Renaissance are to be found in the centro storico (historic center, between Via del Corso and the Tevere (river Tiber). Here, a entremado of narrow alleyways and cobbled onto magnificent piazzas presided over by baroque churches, regal palaces and exquisite fountains. The romantic Piazza Navona with the Fountain of the Four Rivers of Bernini, the Piazza di Spagna with its famous Spanish steps and the Trevi Fountain, immortalised by Fellini in La Dolce Vita (1959), all of them are very close to one another. The life of modern Rome coexist with all these monuments in perfect harmony. All this wealth of history is now surrounded by sophisticated boutiques, pizzerias, cars, buses and motorcycles. Across the river, to the west, lies the Vatican state - the spiritual center of the Roman Catholic Church and residence of the Pope, the Sistine Chapel (Photos) is a chapel in the Apostolic Palace of Vatican City. This is the stay most well known of the palace complex. To the south of the Vatican is the bohemian district of Trastevere, full of trattorie and small wine bars. Still further south, you'll find the neighborhood of Testaccio, known for its many nightclubs and live music.

Tourism is the main source of income for Rome. The city is blessed with a mild mediterranean climate, so it is very pleasant to visit the city in autumn as in spring. In August it is very hot with the romans usually go to the coast and the streets of Rome are deserted, although there are always tourists in spite of the high temperatures. Until recently, Rome has had the reputation of being very noisy, chaotic and messy. However, the celebrations of the year 2000 contributed to the renewal of the urban area of Rome, beautifying the city even more, if possible.

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